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Zitkála-Šá

Object Details

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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Date
1898 (printed 1901)
Object number
S/NPG.79.26
Exhibition Label
Zitkála-Šá was a pioneer in a generation of Indian rights activists who had graduated from mission and government schools, where children were forbidden from speaking their indigenous native languages. Working together, these intellectual activists representing various tribal backgrounds used their formal educations and flawless English to fight U.S. federal Indian policy and demand social justice. At ease in mainstream and urban (i.e., white) society, they formed professional organizations. For example, the Society of American Indians, founded in 1907, was the first national all-Indian organization to advocate for Indian rights. As one of its leaders, Zitkála-Šá tirelessly fought for Native American citizenship rights, and she was described as “a Jeanne D’Arc to lead her people into citizenship.” Zitkála-Šá later founded one of the most important Native rights organizations, the National Council of American Indians.
Zitkála-Šá fue pionera de una generación de activistas indígenas graduadas de escuelas misioneras o del gobierno, donde se les había prohibido hablar sus lenguas nativas. Unidas, estas activistas intelectuales, representantes de trasfondos tribales diversos, utilizaron su educación formal y su inglés impecable para combatir la política federal respecto a los indígenas y exigir justicia social. Sabiendo desenvolverse en la sociedad tradicional urbana (i.e., blanca), formaron organizaciones profesionales. Una de ellas, la Sociedad de Indígenas Americanos, creada en 1907, fue la primera organización nacional plenamente indígena que abogó por los derechos de estos pueblos. Zitkála-Šá fue una de sus líderes y luchó tenazmente por los derechos ciudadanos de los nativos americanos, siendo descrita como “una Juana de Arco que lidera a su pueblo hacia la ciudadanía”. Luego fundó otra de las principales organizaciones nativas, el Concilio Nacional de Indígenas Americanos.
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Artist
Joseph Turner Keiley, 26 Jul 1869 - 21 Jan 1914
Sitter
Zitkála-Šá, 22 Feb 1876 - 26 Jan 1938
Topic
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace
Zitkála-Šá: Female
Zitkála-Šá: Literature\Writer
Zitkála-Šá: Society and Social Change\Reformer
Zitkála-Šá: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist
Zitkála-Šá: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist
Portrait
Medium
Photogravure
Dimensions
Image: 15.9 × 9.5 cm (6 1/4 × 3 3/4")
Sheet: 16.3 × 9.9 cm (6 7/16 × 3 7/8")
Mount: 28 × 20.2 cm (11 × 7 15/16")
Mat: 45.7 × 35.6 cm (18 × 14")
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Type
Photograph
GUID
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm40be7cf4f-34d9-4d51-a471-c5078ca7f938
Record ID
npg_S_NPG.79.26

Zitkála-Šá

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