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Zitkála-Šá

Object Details

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National Portrait Gallery Collection
Date
1898
Object number
NPG.2006.10
Exhibition Label
Born Pine Ridge, South Dakota
This portrait pictures Zitkála-Šá—also known as Gertrude Bonnin—at age twenty-two, during a period when she taught at the Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania. Although she left Carlisle to study violin at the prestigious New England Conservatory of Music, she is best remembered not as a musician but rather as a writer and political activist. In 1900 she began publishing short stories and essays about her childhood and about the issues then affecting Native Americans. Following her marriage in 1902, she resettled in the West, where she worked for the Bureau of Indian Affairs, led community service programs, and taught school again. In 1916 Zitkála-Šá was elected the secretary of the Society of American Indians, an appointment that prompted her to move to Washington, D.C. There she worked on various Native American campaigns, including the effort that led to the passage of the Indian Citizenship Act in 1924.
Credit Line
National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution
Artist
Joseph Turner Keiley, 26 Jul 1869 - 21 Jan 1914
Sitter
Zitkála-Šá, 22 Feb 1876 - 26 Jan 1938
Topic
Costume\Jewelry\Necklace
Interior
Home Furnishings\Blanket
Zitkála-Šá: Female
Zitkála-Šá: Literature\Writer
Zitkála-Šá: Society and Social Change\Reformer
Zitkála-Šá: Performing Arts\Performer\Musician\Violinist
Zitkála-Šá: Society and Social Change\Reformer\Lobbyist
Portrait
Medium
Glycerine-developed platinum print
Dimensions
Image/Sheet: 12.4 x 10.3cm (4 7/8 x 4 1/16")
Mount: 33.1 x 24.9cm (13 1/16 x 9 13/16")
Mat: 45.7 x 35.6cm (18 x 14")
Data Source
National Portrait Gallery
Restrictions & Rights
CC0
Type
Photograph
GUID
http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/sm44b01ba3c-3295-4495-af77-a8eb439535f0
Record ID
npg_NPG.2006.10

Zitkála-Šá

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